Bogor Botanical Gardens and Bogor City Tour
In this kind of tour, we will bring you to Bogor city for sightseeing. This tour can be combined with visiting other area like Puncak Highland, Sentul, or Salak Mountain area. For inquiry, please contact us via WhatsApp/mobile phone: +6285226126069 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Read more to know more about Bogor.
About Bogor City
Bogor is a small city in West Java Province. It is located about 60 km south of Jakarta. In the Kingdom era, the city was the capital of Sunda Kingdom with the name Pakuan Pajajaran. The city was also the capital of Indonesia during the brief British occupation, and under the name Buitenzorg in the Dutch colonial period. During the reign of Dutch Governor General Gustaaf Willem baron van Imhoff (1745), the city was used as a resting place. Therefore, a governor mansion was built. The mansion was used as a summer residence for the Governor. That is why the area was called Buitenzorg which means “no worry”, “without a care”, or “peaceful place”. The mansion is now become Bogor Presidential Palace.
There are beautiful places in this city and nearby area:
- Bogor Botanic Gardens (Kebun Raya Bogor)
- Museum Tanah
- Bogor Palace
- Gong Factory
- Puppet Maker: Enday Media
- Batik Maker: Batik Bogor Tradisiku
- Klenteng Hok Tek Bio
- Masjid Harakatul Jannah
- Kampung Budaya Sindangbarang
- Kuntum farmfield
- Warso Farm
Bogor is also famous for its culinary:
- Asinan Gedong Dalam
- Roti Unyil Venus
- Lapis Bogor Sangkuriang
- Nasi Jambal De Leuit
- Ah Poong food market
Bogor Botanic Gardens
Kebun Raya Bogor or Bogor Botanic Gardens is the oldest botanical garden in South East Asia. Officially opened by Dutch in 1817. Before it was opened by Dutch, Sir Stamford Raffles, a British lieutenant, occupied Java and stayed in Buitenzorg’s Dutch mansion in short period time between 1811 – 1816. During that time, Stamford Raffles brought 2 botanists from London’s Kew Botanic Gardens to re-landscaped this Bogor garden into a British-styled garden.
Bogor Botanic Gardens covers an area about 87 Ha, and it is located in the middle of Bogor city. Just like lungs in the middle of human body, this garden absorbs huge amounts of carbon dioxide that circulates in the atmosphere of the fast-growing city. It is also a good house for some bird species.
Here are some beautiful things to see in the garden.
Jalan Kenari (Canarium Avenue)
There are two Kenari street. The first, Kenari I is connecting the main entrance of the garden with Bogor Palace entrance. Another one, Kenari II is connecting two red suspension bridges. They are called Canarium street because there are many tall Canary trees along the side of the streets. The tree can reach 40 m in height. Canary (Canarium ovatum) is native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Philipines, and Papua. In Philipines it is called Pili tree. The nutshell can be used for making handycraft, like keychain. If you crack the shell, you will find a savory nut inside. The nut is edible for roasted nut or cake mixture. The taste is similar too almond. The nut is also a good source for healthy oil.
Lady Raffles Statue
This statue is build by Sir Stamford Raffles to memorize his wife, Olivia Mariamne Devenish. Olivia was died in Buitenzorg (Bogor) in 1814, but she was buried in Jakarta, at Taman Prasasti Museum, a European graveyard that had been converted into a museum. In the statue, there is a poem telling the deepest expression of Raffles:
Oh thou whom neer my constant heart,
One moment hath forgot,
Tho fate severe hath bid us part,
Yet still forget me not.
Ficus elastic or rubber plant or karet kebo in local language is a popular plant from Ficus genus. It is a huge tree with beautiful aerial roots. The tree yields latex for making rubber. The leave has benefits for treating stroke.
At this garden, you will find some types of bamboo like yellow bamboo, giant bamboo, lemang bamboo, etc. Giant bamboo has original name Dendrocalamus Giganteus, It is native to Myanmar, China, and Thailand. It was brought Myanmar, and was planted in 1928. Bamboo is a great material for making traditional house, bridge, paper, water drainage, furniture, handicraft, cooking, musical instrument, etc. The young bamboo (rebung) can be cooked to make a soup or salad.
Orchid house was built in 2000. It is a house for preserving and displaying orchid species from indonesia and also hybrid orchids that are flowering. The house also sells bottled orchid species.
Amorphophallus titanum is a giant flower from Sumatra island. It produces bad smell when it is blooming. The flower only bloom once in a few years, so people cannot see it everyday when visiting the gardens.
Giant Patma or Rafflessia Arnoldii Flower
It is also called corpse flower due to its very strong unpleasant odor when blooming. It was named Rafflessia in honor of Sir Stamford Raffles when he was leading an expedition in a forest in Bengkulu (Sumatra island) to look for this flower. The flower is hard to locate because the buds take many months to develop and the flower lasts for only a few days. The flower lives as a parasite on several vines and can grows up to 1 meter in diameter.
Giant Waterlily (Victoria Amazonica)
This giant waterlily is native to Amazon river. It has big circular leaves that can grow up to 1,5 m in diameter and can hold up to 3 kg. You can find this plant on Gunting (scissor) lake behind Bogor Palace and on Victoria pond in front of Grand Garden Cafe & Resto.
You will find something different at Mexican Garden. Normally people will find green grass covering the ground in Bogor Botanical Gardens. But in this Mexican styled garden, the usual thick grass has been replaced with gravel and rocks. Dry and arid atmosphere was created to accommodate various types of succulent plants. The word “succulent” comes from the Latin word sucus, meaning juice, because the plants have juicy leaves or stems for holding water through long periods of dry climate.
In 1928, Princess Astrid from Belgium visited the Bogor Botanical Garden with Prince Leopold for doing honeymoon. In honor of their arrival, in the middle of the road was planted with Tasbih flowers (Canna Hybrida). This flower has red and yellow color. Its stems and leaves have dark color. These colors resemble the colors of the national flag of the kingdom of Belgium: black, yellow, and red.
Grand Garden Cafe & Resto
Grand Garden Cafe & Resto is the only one restaurant in the Bogor Botanical Gardens. Located at an altitude small hill, visitors can enjoy the panorama of the gardens and Victoria pond from the restaurant. The cafe is an open air family restaurant serving Indonesian, Western, and Oriental food.
Pohon Raja (King Tree or Koompassia Excelsa)
It is known as the tallest tree in the lowland tropical forest, spread from the island of Sumatra, Borneo (Kalimantan) to Malaysia, and Thailand. In Malaysia, it is called Tualang tree. The age of this tree reaches hundreds of years with very hard stems that are suitable for use as building materials, woodwork, shade plants and protective plants. The diameter reaches 2.7 meters and the height of the stem reaches 80 meters, supported by its large buttress roots. The buttress roots also help the tree gathers nutrients because in a lowland forest, nutrients were found on soil near surface, not in a deep soil.
Honeybees like to build their nest on it because the three is tall and has slippery stem which can prevent predator to climb up. This condition also protects the trees from loggers, because the value of the honey is higher than the timber.
Palem Sadeng (Livistona Rotundifolia)
Livistona Rotundifolia, locally known as Sadeng/Serdang palm is an ornamental plant native to South East Asia. It has unique leaves. The leave has circular shape like a fan. That is why it is called rotundifolia in Latin words, means having round leaves. The young leaves can be used to wrap food, while the old leaves can be used for roofs. Its stem grows up to 40m.
This cemetery is located behind Bogor Palace and in the middle of Bamboo Garden. It was here long before Bogor Botanic Garden officially opened in 1817. There are 42 grave with their own gravestones. Most of them were relatives of Dutch government. The newest grave is the grave of Prof. Dr. AJ.G.H. Kostermans who died in 1994. He was a Botanist in this garden and already spend more than 50 years learning and working in plantation field. He was buried at this graveyard upon his request.
There are also two young biologist were buried in one graved here. They are Heinrich Kuhl, a German naturalist and Johan Conrad van Hasselt, a Dutch zoologist. Both of them sailed from Texel, Netherland and arriving in Batavia (former name of Jakarta) on December 1820. Eight month later, in 1821 Heinrich Kuhl died in Buitenzorg (now Bogor) of a liver infection before his 24th birthday. His partner, Johan van Hasselt then continued his work collecting bird, fish, and mammal specimens, but he died two years later. J.C. van Hasselt is buried in a single grave with Heinrich Kuhl.